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throughout Africa, widening food insecurity gaps Ketiem et al. . In Nigeria, there have been reviews of local weather change having impacts on the livelihoods of arable crop farmers Abiona et al. ; Ifeanyi-obi et al. ; Onyeneke . The Sahel area of Cameroon has skilled an growing stage of malnutrition. This is partly due to the impression of climate change since harsh weather conditions resulting in extreme drought have a negative influence on agriculture . Other variables that affect agricultural manufacturing, processing, and/ or transport are solar radiation, wind, humidity, and salinisation and storm surge Mutahara et al. ; Myers et al. . Extreme climate occasions leading to inland and coastal flooding, can have an effect on the ability of individuals to obtain and put together food Rao et al. ; FAO et al. . For direct results of atmospheric CO2 concentrations on crop nutrient standing see Section 5.2.four.2. This chapter utilises the common framework of the Representative Concentration Pathways and the Shared Socio-economic Pathways Popp et al. ; Riahi et al. and Doelman et al. to assess the impacts of future GHG emissions, mitigation measures, and adaptation on meals safety Cross-Chapter Box 1 in Chapter 1, Sections 5.2 and 5.6. This chapter assesses how the potential battle for land could possibly be alleviated by sustainable intensification to produce meals with a decrease land footprint Cross-Chapter Box 6 in Section 5.6. To accomplish this, farmers would want to supply the identical quantity of meals with decrease land requirement, which is determined by expertise, expertise, finance, and markets. Achieving this would also depend on demand-aspect adjustments together with dietary selections that enable reduction of the land footprint for meals manufacturing whereas nonetheless assembly dietary wants. Transitions required for such transformative adjustments in meals systems are addressed in Section 5.7.
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