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But right here the “motion” of the subject is reduced to yet another type of contemplation, not calculating cause, but aesthetic appreciation. Lukács argues that classical German philosophy is torn by the battle of two ideas. On the one hand, it understands rationality as the basis for overcoming the contingency, the merely factical givenness of objects. This principle can be formulated by way of the exigency of an identity of topic and object because the condition for founding a common rationalism, unbounded by supernatural mysteries or unknowable realities. In Kant this unification of topic and object takes the form of the “manufacturing” of the item in thought by way of its derivation from rational kind. On the other hand, classical German philosophy assumes a reified, formalistic idea of reason which essentially secretes contingency and facticity because the residue of the process of abstraction from concrete content material during which it is constituted. Such a formalistic concept of reason can by no means be fully united with its corresponding objects. Thus this philosophy’s paradigm of knowledge conflicts with its method of validating the claims of data. Lukács regards the precept of identification of topic and object as essential for any constant rationalism, together with Marxism, but the reified paradigm of rationality is tied particularly to capitalist society. Marxism succeeds where classical German philosophy failed precisely by way of assembly the demands of an similar subject-object by way of a special, dialectical paradigm of rationality. . The progression from Kant to Marx can then be understood because the gradual working out of Kant’s original intuition in ever extra concrete, ever extra sufficient varieties, culminating in the ultimate recognition of the social apply behind the reified look. At the center of History and Class Consciousness is an extraordinary dialogue of the event of classical German philosophy, seen on this gentle as a step within the mental progression resulting in Marxism. In the course of this discussion, Lukács exhibits that Marxism is the veritable Aufhebungof this philosophical custom, arising from its inside dynamic and on the idea of its outcomes. According to Lukács, the reified paradigm of information is rooted within the practice of technical control which is the central project of the bourgeoisie from its origins as a class. More exactly, it’s the universality of this project that distinguishes bourgeois thought from earlier forms of thought. Precapitalist societies carved only a slim sphere of exercise out of nature, incessantly ascribing their power over this small humanized enclave to divine intervention. Technical rationality was thus at all times bounded at its limits by one other kind of thinking, a situation which mirrored the feebleness of the human species and its limited understanding of the world. Never before the emergence of capitalism did human beings see their destiny as the entire and integral domination of nature.
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