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and flora. The end result has been massive-scale forest destruction, particularly in the final twenty years of speedy financial growth, to obtain lumber and charcoal and to make means for plantations, cattle pasture, and business—to the purpose that just one to five% of the unique forest stays in this area. As may be anticipated, the animals and crops native to the Atlantic forest usually are not doing very properly underneath such circumstances. Many of those are endemic together with forty% of all of the small, non-volant, i.e., nonflying, mammals, fifty four% of the bushes, and sixty four% of the palms, and rising numbers are being added to the endangered species list. The greatest example is probably the impact on the primates, eighty% of which are endemic to the Atlantic forest. Twenty-one species and subspecies of monkeys are discovered on this region, and the studies which were carried out with World Wildlife Fund help since 1979 point out that fully 14 of these are endangered and that a number of are actually on the verge of extinction. Of these 14 endangered species, 13 are discovered nowhere else on the planet Mittermeier et al., 1986. Two tropical nations, Brazil and Madagascar, are significantly important in efforts to conserve primate diversity, since they alone are home to 4% of the world’s living primate species. Brazil, with 357 million hectares of tropical forest, is by far the richest nation on the earth for this biome, containing greater than 3 times extra forest than the following nation on the list, which is Indonesia, and 3% of all the tropical forest on our planet Table 16–1. Not surprisingly, Brazil can also be home to far more primates than some other country; its fifty three species account for about 7%, or one in each four, primates in the world Table 16–. To forestall the extinction of the world’s nonhuman primates, the Primate Specialist Group of IUCN’s Species Survival Commission put together a Global Strategy for Primate Conservation in 1977. This document was the first effort to take a worldwide view of primate conservation issues, and its purpose was to make the Primate Specialist Group’s objective of maintaining the present diversity of the Order of Primates a reality. It placed twin emphasis on ensuring the survival of endangered species wherever they occur and on providing effective safety for big numbers of primates in areas of excessive primate diversity or abundance. This unique Global Strategy, which is now old-fashioned, is being up to date by a series of latest regional plans for Africa , Asia , Madagascar, and the Neotropical region, which can guide primate conservation actions for the remainder of this decade.
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