Each chemical element has its own name and symbol for easy recognition. The official designation of chemical elements is regulated by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (abbreviation: IUPAC). This organization generally accepts the designation that the person (or organization) who discovered the element chose. This could lead to debate as to which team actually found the element, which has delayed the naming of elements with atomic numbers 104 or more for a long time (See also Controversy over naming elements). Chemical elements are also given a uniform chemical symbol, based on the element’s name, largely abbreviated by Latin names. (For example, carbon has the chemical symbol ‘C’, sodium has the chemical symbol ‘Na’ from the Latin name natrium). The element’s chemical symbolism is unified and understood around the world, while its common name when translated to another language is largely dissimilar.
Atoms of elements can combine together to form chemical monomers or compounds under the states of monatomic or two-atomic or polyatomic masses. This is called polymorphism. Elemental oxygen, for example, can exist under the following states: atomic oxygen (O), molecular oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), inorganic compounds (such as water, salt, oxide etc.) and compounds Organic. In most cases these compounds have a fixed composition, structure and characteristic properties.