Several tonsores of Romans became wealthy and powerful, running the shops became the favorite public loci (public place) of the community; most of them are simply merchants, own a house in front of it or leave a chair on the street and will shave their face for only a quadrans (very low Roman currency). Some have been known to be clumsy butchers for leaving cuts on clients’ cheeks and cheeks; brass or bronze razors (which never were steel) would be blamed for it. Better barbers can use depilatories for customers who don’t want a razor.
Barbers used to be surgeons and dentists. Along with haircuts, hair styling, and shaving, barbers also perform surgeries, blood extraction, ceremony, enema, and tooth extraction. Hence they are called barber surgeons and they created their first organization in 1094.
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