Italy is the home of opera and ballet, Italian Renaissance was born to serve royal weddings and aristocracy. During this period, Europeans were especially interested in education and the arts. At the same time, trade and commerce were also flourishing, and Italian cities became the centers of art and commerce in Europe. Catherine de Médicis, of Florence, married Henri II, became the queen of France in 1547. She introduced to the French court the known entertainment in Italy. In 1661, Louis XIV (King of the Sun) established the Royal Academy of Dance (Academie Royale de Danse) to train professional dancers to perform for him and the court. This period only male dancers. To portray the female role, male actors will wear female outfits, masks and wigs. It was only in the 1681 ballet Le Triomphe de l’Amour (The Triumph of Love) that the female dancer began to participate in the ballet. From the French model, the Russian Imperial Ballet (now Kirov Ballet) was founded in 1738 in St. Petersburg. Petersburg, which later became one of the world’s greatest ballet academies, and the Royal Danish Ballet in 1748. Romantic Ballett regarded women as ideal entities and, for the first time in history, three -lle, they are given a position of greater importance than men.
The actor only has a minor role on the stage to support the ballerina and show the audience how much weight they have. After 1850, ballet in France fell into a recession, while flourishing again in Russia, thanks to the contributions of ballet masters such as August Bournonville, Jules Perrot, Arthur Saint-Léon, Enrico Cecchetti. and Marius Petipa. In the second half of the 19th century, the center of the ballet world moved from France to Russia. One of the creators of the golden era for the Royal Russian ballet school and played a big role in transforming St. Petersburg became the capital of the world ballett, Marius Petipa. The ballet troupe of St. Petersburg is a training place for the greatest ballerina of all time, of which the name stands out as Anna Pavlova.