On September 2, 1945, Japan formally surrendered with the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. On September 6, US President Truman approved a document titled “US Initial Post-Surrender Policy for Japan”. The document set two main objectives for the occupation: (1) eliminating Japan’s war potential and (2) turning Japan into a democratic-style nation with pro-United Nations orientation. Allied (primarily American) forces were set up to supervise the country, and “for eighty months following its surrender in 1945, Japan was at the mercy of an army of occupation, its people subject to foreign military control.” At the head of the Occupation administration was General MacArthur, who was technically supposed to defer to an advisory council set up by the Allied powers, but in practice did not and did everything himself. As a result, this period was one of significant American influence, described near the end of the occupation in 1951 that “for six years the United States has had a freer hand to experiment with Japan than any other country in Asia, or indeed in the entire world.