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Melville’s mastering of Shakespeare, Matthiessen finds, supplied him with verbal resources that enabled him to create dramatic language through three essential techniques. First, the use of verbs of action creates a sense of movement and meaning. The effective tension caused by the contrast of “thou launchest navies of full-freighted worlds” and “there’s that in here that still remains indifferent” in “The Candles” makes the last clause lead to a “compulsion to strike the breast,” which suggests “how thoroughly the drama has come to inhere in the words Second, Melville took advantage of the Shakespearean energy of verbal compounds, as in “full-freighted”. Third, Melville employed the device of making one part of speech act as another, for example, ‘earthquake’ as an adjective, or turning an adjective into a noun, as in “placeless”.