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The English idiomatic expression ‘to set (or put) one’s shoulder to the wheel’ derived at an earlier date from the condition given the carter before he could expect divine help. Denis’ translation apart, however, the link with the proverb “God helps those who help themselves” was slow to be taken up in English sources, even though that wording had emerged by the end of the 17th century. It was not there in Samuel Croxall’s long ‘application’ at the end of his version, in which he stated that to neglect the necessity of self-help is ‘blasphemy’, that it is ‘a great sin for a man to fail in his trade or occupation by running often to prayers’, and that ‘the man who is virtuously and honestly engaged is actually serving God all the while’ A century after the first appearance of his collection, the fables were reused with new commentaries in Aesop’s fables: accompanied by many hundred proverbs & moral maxims suited to the subject of each fable (Dublin 1821). There it is titled “The Farmer and the Carter” and headed with the maxim ‘If you will obtain, you must attempt’. At the end, a Biblical parallel is suggested with ‘The soul of the sluggard desireth and hath nothing’ from the Book of Proverbs (13.4). Later in that century, George Fyler Townsend preferred to end his new translation with the pithy ‘Self-help is the best help’.